Saturday, August 27, 2016

Deutsche Welle Interview on Non-Communicable Diseases

June 10, 2016

Here, I am interviewed by Deutsche Welle, the German Broadcast Service for foreign countries, during the 2016 World Economic Forum, which was held in Kigali. This discussion was around the impact of non-communicable disease on development and the need to create health systems and sustainable partnerships to support the delivery of quality care. I share my perspective on how a multi-sectorial approach and teamwork is essential to reach each patient at the right time. 

The full interview with all participants is available at:

Tuesday, July 5, 2016

Taking Stock on Malaria in Rwanda

Minister Binagwaho (L) consults with Dr Patrick Ndimubanzi, the State Minister in charge of Public 
Health and Primary Health Care, during the news conference in Kigali. (Nadege Imbabazi)

Rwandans have been urged to ensure that their homes and surroundings are kept clean at all times and clear bushes or stagnant water which are breeding grounds for mosquitoes.
Dr Agnes Binagwaho, the Health minister, made the call, yesterday, at a news conference at the ministry headquarters.
A mother and her child sleep under a mosquito net. This is one of the methods to fight against malaria. (File)
She warned that, due to the warm season ahead, malaria cases could shoot up again if caution is not undertaken by homes to supplement government efforts to ensure that no person dies of malaria again.
“In the fight against malaria, we’ve realised that there’s a portion that is still not fully done, and that is the maintenance of sanitation in homes and our environment.
An official from Rwanda Biomedical Center speaks to the media during press conference.
The government can provide bed nets, train community health workers, offer medical insurance but if we ignore the simple things such as cleanliness in our homes and environment, we won’t succeed in the fight against malaria,” she said.
The minister urged the public to seek quick medical attention whenever they fall sick and people without insurance cover to get it.
She added that, in a research conducted two years ago, they found out that people without medical insurance accounted for more than 3 times the deaths resulting from malaria.
“Most people who die from malaria are those without medical insurance because they fear seeking medical care without it. I urge them to get medical insurance because it’s likely that malaria is going to increase. We have trained community health workers to handle cases and they are fully equipped,” she added.

Minister Binagwaho speaks during the press conference in Kigali yesterday.
During the implementation of the malaria contingency plan in highly affected areas, the ministry increased the number of effective long lasting insecticidal nets (LLINS), targeted indoor residual spraying and improved the levels of malaria and behavioural management and inspection of insecticides, drugs and malaria commodities.
The number of houses sprayed stands at 453,320 representing 99 per cent in five out of eight highly affected districts.
Also, 2.6 million LLINS have already been distributed and an additional 6 million will be distributed by the end of this year.

Journalists listen minister Binagwaho’s remarks during the press conference yesterday in Kigali. (Photos by Nadege Imbabazi)
Malaria cases have significantly reduced from 2,456,091 last year to 1,353,861 cases this year.
On the issue of bed nets that were once procured and later found not to be effective, the minister said they now conduct their own testing of bed nets even after the World Health Organisation has done its own testing.
This, she said is to ensure that the bed nets are up to the standards as required by MOH.
“Although government is employing different methods to fight against malaria, what is most important is that we embark on maintaining cleanliness in our houses and communities. Hygiene is very important in this fight,” she said.
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American Medical Association Journal of Ethics feature on Rwanda's Health Sector

In July of 2016 the AMA Journal of Ethics featured a podcast, which gives an accurate view of our current health sector.  The link to the podcast is here:

Tuesday, May 17, 2016

Rwanda: Using Innovation through Drones to Save Lives

Rwanda: Using Innovation through Drones to Save Lives

Video produced by Zipline. 2016. 

Africa: Govt Closer to Using Drones in Medical Supplies Delivery

Zipline Inc, a California-based robotics firm Friday announced details of a partnership with Government to make on-demand deliveries of life-saving medical products using drones.

This follows a deal signed in February, between the government and the firm to build infrastructure for unmanned aerial system (UAS) to ensure efficient logistical transportation of medical supplies in the country.

Speaking during a press briefing, the Minister for Youth and ICT, Jean-Philbert Nsengimana, said that Rwanda is ready to receive the first delivery of drones.

"We have had a fruitful and a fun-filled week talking about the forth industrial revolution at the World Economic Forum (WEF). I think it's very significant for people to know that what they might think will be achieved in future, is already here in Rwanda. We already have the technology that people think we will have in the future. Rwanda is ready to receive the network of drones, and I truly believe this is going to shape the future," Nsengimana noted. 


Often, essential health products don't reach the people who urgently need them.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), millions of mothers and children die every year due to conditions that could be prevented or treated with access to simple, and affordable medical interventions.

However, in the developing world, access to these interventions is hampered by what is known as the last-mile problem: the inability to deliver needed medicine from a city to rural or remote locations due to lack of adequate transportation, communication and supply chain infrastructure.
The distribution of blood products is particularly challenging given the strict temperature requirements and short shelf life. Africa has the highest rate of maternal deaths in the world, mainly due to post partum hemorrhaging, which makes access to lifesaving blood transfusions critically important for women across the continent.

In Rwanda, rural hospitals have struggled with supplies in the past due to their isolated locations. Most life-saving supplies are currently delivered via motorcycles.  According to Dr Agnes Binagwaho, the Minister for Health, the initiative is truly a life-saving technology.  "We have established that if we manage to use this technology, it will be a life-saving initiative. There are a lot of advantages, but I'm also hopeful that as pioneers we learn by doing. Although, I can't predict how many lives will be saved, even saving one life is crucial," she said.

What Zipline is bringing

According to Keller Rinaudo, Zipline Chief Executive Officer, the company is working with the government of Rwanda to create a network of delivery drones that will ferry medical supplierding to the World Health Organisation (WHO), millions of mothers and children die every year due to conditions that could be prevented or treated with access to simple, and affordable medical interventions.

However, in the developing world, access to these interventions is hampered by what is known as the last-mile problem: the inability to deliver needed medicine from a city to rural or remote locations due to lack of adequate transportation, communication and supply chain infrastructure.
The distribution of blood products is particularly challenging given the strict temperature requirements and short shelf life. Africa has the highest rate of maternal deaths in the world, mainly due to post partum hemorrhaging, which makes access to lifesaving blood transfusions critically important for women across the continent.  

The network will have capacity to make 50 to 150 deliveries per day, using a fleet of 15 drones, each with twin electric motors and an almost eight-foot wingspan. The unmanned drones will use GPS to navigate, and will airdrop supplies before returning to the landing strip from which they were launched.

"The inability to deliver life-saving medicines to the people who need them the most causes millions of preventable deaths each year. Zipline will help solve that problem once and for all. We've built an instant delivery system for the world, allowing medicines and other products to be delivered on-demand and at a low-cost, anywhere," said Rinaudo.

Starting July, the government will begin a public-private partnership with Zipline for the last-mile delivery of all blood products throughout the country. A team of Rwandan and American engineers will set up and operate Zipline's first Hub in Muhanga District. From this Hub, Zipline will deliver life-saving blood to 21 facilities located in the Northern, Western, and Southern Provinces.
Zipline plans to expand services to Eastern Province in early 2017, putting almost every one of Rwanda's 11 million citizens within range of lifesaving medical product deliveries.

The partnership will strengthen ongoing efforts by the Ministry of Health to deliver a high standard of health care.

First Lady urges action to end neglected tropical diseases



First Lady Jeannette Kagame addresses the   meeting on NTDs in Kigali yesterday. (Courtesy)


Africa needs stronger commitment from both public and private sectors to tackle Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) on the continent, First Lady Jeannette Kagame has said.  Mrs Kagame made the remarks, yesterday, at a World Economic Forum-sanctioned event convened by the END Fund on ending neglected tropical diseases on the continent.  The event intended to shade more light on the continent’s health issues, and particularly called for increased investments in NTD control in sub-Saharan Africa.  The event was attended by Her Royal Highness the Queen of Buganda Kingdom of Uganda, Sylvia Nagginda; the Chief Executive of the END Fund, Ellen Agler; the Minister for Health, Dr Agnes Binagwaho, among other officials and health experts.


Buganda Queen Sylivia Nagginda delivers her keynote address at the meeting. (Courtesy) 

A study conducted by Erasmus University, and released at the End Fund event, indicates that Sub-Saharan Africa could save up to $52 billion by 2030 if the region meets the World Health Organisation’s 2020 control and eliminations target for the five most common neglected tropical diseases, such as Elephantiasis, River blindness, Bilharzia, Intestinal worms and Trachoma.
The study was conducted with support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Mrs Kagame said this kind of events bring more light to some of the health issues still affecting the region, calling for stronger partnerships in bringing an end to the NTDs.  “In a world fast evolving and creating new solutions to various health, environmental, socio-economic problems, while connecting people through technology, it comes as a sad irony that such a large population of our planet still struggles with diseases that should have been eradicated a long time ago,” the First Lady said. Figures indicate that 1.6 billion people have had at least one tropical disease, while 500,000 die each year from complications linked to the diseases.  Mrs Kagame said “the figures of the number of people affected worldwide each year, by these various tropical diseases are indeed alarming.”
“I believe that, for our communities to pave the way to a future free from these health issues, we must continue educating our populations on how to protect themselves, but also further invest in strengthening institutions for more efficient health care systems, able to respond rapidly to this kind of crises,” she said.

Discussing the role of traditional and cultural institutions to end NTDs, Queen Nagginda said NDTs have been recognised as a health challenge “yet little attention have been paid to this challenge.”
She said NTDs are mostly found along the Rift Valley side of Uganda and urged cultural leaders to be part of the campaign to end the diseases.  “Cultural institutions have a role to play in fighting NTDs through partnering with health institutions to promote healthcare programmes. Cultural leaders have the ability to mobilise, modernise communities towards health care and development matters,” 
Through her Nnabagereka Foundation, the Queen of Buganda has been involved in several health advocacy and women empowerment efforts in Buganda region in central Uganda.

On Rwanda’s case, according to the Ministry of Health, there were no large scale NTDs control efforts in place and data on the burden of the diseases until 2007.  However, over the last eight years, the Government, with support of partners such as The End Fund, has taken steps to reduce the burden of NTDs.  Dr Binagwaho said Government has since mapped the prevalence of intestinal worms, bilharzia, elephantiasis and Trachoma, adding that it is now “implementing a comprehensive approach to improve hygiene, mass drug administration, among other NTDS case management campaigns.”


Health minister Dr Agnes Binagwaho addresses the question of NTDs with Agler. (Courtesy)

“The Government has tripled the budget to curb NTDs in the last three years, and it seeks to double the budget in the next two years,” she said. End Fund’s Agler said NTDs control efforts “offer a return on investment unparalleled in global health.”

“Ending these debilitating diseases will help reduce poverty at all levels,” Agler said.
Mrs Kagame said, over time, Rwanda has seen a decrease in the number of people affected by these infections and the country now considers only two of the five NTDs to be a public health problem.

“I trust that such a conversation, will help create a stronger sense of our shared responsibility in fighting these diseases, while implementing strategies that can significantly empower our communities to fully thrive, to live the kind of dignified lives, we all so rightfully deserve, irrespective of our cultural or economic backgrounds.”

Saturday, April 23, 2016

Rwanda Army Joins Battle Against Malaria


Rwanda Army Joins Battle Against Malaria

Thursday, March 31, 2016

Medics tipped on professionalism

PUBLISHED: March 28, 2016 in The New Times - Rwanda  By: STEVEN MUVUNYI

Minister Binagwaho (C)speaks as Prof. Rwamasirabo (L) outgoing chairman, and Dr
Rudakemwa, the new chairman look on during the meeting in Kigali. (Steven Muvunyi)

Medics have been urged to improve their profession by prioritising the common good
of the medical practice.
The call was made by the Minister for Health, Dr Agnes Binagwaho during the
election of the National Council of the Rwanda Medical and Dental Association.
Minister Binagwaho told the medics to positively brand their profession, despite the shortage of doctors and teachers’ in the country.
“We need to consider how we want the population to perceive us. We have to prove
that we are the right people at the right place, with the right knowledge, right ethics
and the right morale,” she said.
Binagwaho asked medics to be humble in order to deliver correctly.
“The improvement of our profession is a continuous process. Gone are the days a
doctor did and knew everything. A good doctor has to learn every day since science is
an evolution,” she added.
The elected national board that will serve a four-year term is composed of Dr
Emmanuel Rudakemwa, the chairman, Dr Jean Claude Byiringiro, the vice
chairperson, Dr Albert Nzayisenga, the secretary as well as Dr Kaitesi Mukara Batamuriza, the treasurer.
The national board also includes representatives of the public medical and dental schools, dental and private practitioners among others.
The voters were twenty nine provincial representatives. Prof. Emille Rwamasirabo,
the outgoing chairman of the council was pleased by the progress made during his
tenure and advised the new committee to work hard to impact Rwanda’s medical
“Many professional malpractices were solved, but we still need to work on the improvement of uncaring doctors and increase the training,” he said.
Dr Rudakemwa, a radiologist, newly elected chairman of the council said the new committee will work hard for quality improvement in medical practices.
“With the partnership and cooperation with the Ministry of Health and the
outgoing committee, we hope to take this institution to greater heights,” he said.
Established in 2003, Rwanda Medical and Dental Council is responsible for the regulation of medical and dental practice in Rwanda.
It is in charge of registering and licensing all medical and dental practitioners. 
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